Toronto-based architectural practice, with a focus on design and heritage conservation. 


We like the idea that our work starts with something that is already there, and that this something is seen as a positive thing.

Whether it is the ordinary, the mundane or the extraordinary, we consider each with a value that must play into the process of design.  There is a lot of potential in what already exists.  It is our curiosity and sleuthing that determines what that potential is.  Many times it takes a second glance.  Sometimes a third.

We are often tasked with considering a place or building that is dormant or underused.  Placed in this scenario, our initial intentions are mostly good.  We mean to preserve.  Maybe refresh the archetype.   And we always recognize the wealth of the things that surround us.  We invest in the potential of these conditions.  And we intend to find a means – through architecture – to reinvigorate these surroundings.

From the repair of a masonry wall, the reconstruction of a lost historic element or a new intervention among or within something old – design is in everything we do.

This process recognizes the state of things as they are, records them, and attempts a cordial intervention.  Sometimes the intervention is not required.  And this may mean doing very little, or nothing at all.   Or as close as architecture can get to doing nothing at all.  Which a lot of the time is always something.

We think it is better to be less compulsive and histrionic when we design.   There are no hard and firm rules, the process is always open.   Or at least this is what we strive for.   At times, impulse can be a difficult thing to restrain.

This is the attitude we take towards all our work.


211 Yonge St., Suite 401
Toronto, Ontario
T  647 479 4121


Awards, Publications + Press.

St. Lawrence District, Toronto
Canadian Architect, Vol. 61 No. 6

"TBD." MOCCA.  952 Queen St W, Toronto, Ontario.  6 September - 26 October

Append and Tweak: An Approach for Preserving the Evolving Suburban Landscape
APT Bulletin, Vol. XLIII, No. 2-3

The National Arts Centre and Canadian Identity
The Journal of the Society for the Study of Architecture in Canada. Vol. 38, no. 2 (2013): 71-78.

Preserving the Suburbs: The Neighbourhood
Association for Preservation Technology - Heritage on the Edge
Victoria, British Columbia

Preserving the Suburbs: A Value-Based Management Approach
International Seminar on Urban Form
Montreal, Quebec

Two Sheds Are Better Than One
Clare Tattersal.  Canadian Architect, Vol. 55 No. 7

Vancouver Matters Review
Leslie Jen.  Canadian Architect Vol. 54 No. 9

Reconsidering the Recent Past:  Adaptability of modern buildings to current and future needs
Heritage Canada Foundation Conference
Toronto, Ontario

Vancouver Matters
Design Exchange Award

Vancouver Matters
Alcuin Society Book Design Awards, Honourable Mention

Vancouver Matters
Published by BlueImprint

Draping Vancouver
on site review 17

Territorializing the Residual
Canadian Architect, Vol. 51 No. 12

Breaking Ground: Shifting City Spaces
on site review 16